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IELTS BNC: 906 COCA: 546
noun /ɔɪl/
  1. 1
    [U] a thick dark smooth liquid from under the ground, used for making petrol and other fuels 石油

    The Middle Eastern countries produce most of the world's oil. 全球大部分的石油是中东国家生产的。

    We need to do more to reduce our dependence on foreign oil. 我们必须更尽力减少对外国石油的依赖。

    Heat can be provided by oil, gas, or electricity. 热能可以由石油、煤气或电来提供。

    North Sea oil 北海石油

    crude oil (=oil in its natural state) 原油 :

    A large tanker can carry several million tons of crude oil. 一艘大油轮可运载几百万吨的原油。

     Synonyms and related words
    1. a.
      [only before noun] relating to this liquid 石油的

      Oil prices will probably rise again next year. 石油价格明年可能又会上涨。

      an oil company 石油公司

      China has large coal and oil reserves. 中国的煤和石油储藏量很大。

       Synonyms and related words
  2. 2
    [C/U] a thick smooth liquid used in an engine, so it will work smoothly 机油;润滑油

    Change the oil in your car every 3,000 miles. 轿车用的机油每行驶3,000英里要更换一次。

     Synonyms and related words
  3. 3
    [C/U] a thick smooth liquid used in cooking and preparing food, and in medicines 食用油;药用油

    Cook the chicken in some oil. 把鸡放在油里烹调。

    vegetable/olive/sunflower oil 菜油/橄榄油/葵花籽油

    peanut/sesame/walnut oil 花生/芝麻/核桃油

    cod liver oil 鱼肝油

     Synonyms and related words
     Synonyms and related words
  4. 4
    [C/U] a thick clear liquid that you use for protecting your skin or for making it soft 护肤油;润肤剂

    massage/bath/suntan oil 按摩油/沐浴油/防晒油

    baby oil 婴儿润滑油

     Synonyms and related words
    1. a.
      an essential oil (香)精油

      aromatherapy oils 芳香精油

      lavender oil 熏衣草精油

       Synonyms and related words
      Substances in or from plants: agar, alkaloid, balsam...
  5. 5
    [C/U] [usually plural] a type of paint that contains oil 一种含油的颜料
    in oils :

    I prefer to work in oils. 我更喜欢画油画。

     Synonyms and related words
    1. a.
      [C] a painting made with paint that contains oil 油画(作品)

      We saw an exhibition of oils and watercolours by local artists. 我们参观了当地艺术家们的油画和水彩画展。

       Synonyms and related words
  6. From our crowdsourced Open Dictionary
    the good oil New Zealand reliable or valuable information Submitted from United Kingdom on 02/07/2018
verb [T] /ɔɪl/
present tense
present participleoiling
past tenseoiled
past participleoiled
  1. to put oil on something, for example to make it move easily, or so that things will not stick to it 给…加润滑油

    He's outside oiling his bike. 他正在外头给自行车上油。

    Place the biscuits on a lightly oiled tray and bake them for 15 minutes. 把饼干放在涂有少许油的烤盘上烤15分钟。

     Synonyms and related words
IELTS BNC: 906 COCA: 546


1used as fuel/to make machines work smoothly燃料;潤滑油ADJECTIVE | ... OF OIL | VERB + OIL | OIL + NOUN ADJECTIVEheavy重油light輕油crude原油refined精煉油offshore近海石油mineral礦物油engine, fuel, heating, lubricating, motor機油;燃油;供暖用油;潤滑油linseed亞麻籽油paraffin (BrE) (usually just paraffin) (kerosene in NAmE) 石蠟油Use a rag soaked in paraffin oil.使用浸過石蠟油的抹布。... OF OILbarrel一桶油film一層油a rod coated with a film of oil塗了一層油的杆drop一滴油VERB + OILextract, obtain, produce提煉油;產油drill for鑽井採油The company is drilling for oil in the North Sea.該公司正在北海鑽井開採石油。discover, find, strike發現/找到/挖掘到石油pump用泵抽吸油export, import出口/進口石油burn, use以油為燃料;使用油change, check (in a car, etc.轎車等) 更換/檢查油箱內的油soak sth in將某物浸在油中smell of有油的氣味The place smelled of oil.這兒有股油味。OIL + NOUNcompany, producer石油公司/生產商man (usually oilman) 石油商人baron, magnate, sheikh石油大王;石油大亨industry, production石油工業/生產drilling, exploration石油開採/勘探field, rig, well油田;石油鑽塔;油井pipeline輸油管道drum油桶tanker油輪refinery煉油廠prices, revenue油價;石油收入reserves, supplies石油儲備/供應slick, spill, spillage浮油;溢油a seven-mile-long oil slick off the Alaskan coast阿拉斯加海岸綿延 7 英里的海面浮油


2used in cooking食用油ADJECTIVE | VERB + OIL | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEcooking食用油hydrogenated, polyunsaturated氫化油;多不飽和油rancid變質的油coconut, canola, corn, groundnut (BrE) , olive, palm, peanut, rapeseed, sesame, soya bean, soybean, sunflower, vegetable椰子油;加拿大油菜籽油;玉米油;花生油;橄欖油;棕櫚油;菜籽油;芝麻油;豆油;葵花籽油;植物油a bottle of extra virgin olive oil一瓶特級初榨橄欖油salad色拉油VERB + OILheat把油加熱cook sth in, fry sth in用油烹調⋯;在油中炸⋯drizzle, pour灑油;倒油Toast the bread, rub with garlic and drizzle over a little olive oil.烘烤麪包,塗上蒜蓉,再灑上一點兒橄欖油。PREPOSITIONin oil用油Fry the potato in a little sunflower oil.用少許葵花籽油煎土豆。 topic at food


3used as a cosmetic/fragrance/medicine化妝品;香水;藥ADJECTIVE | VERB + OIL | PREPOSITION ADJECTIVEaromatic, fragrant, scented芳香油essential香精油essential oils extracted from flowers從花中提煉的香精油natural天然精油body, hair潤膚油;髮油baby, bath嬰兒潤膚油;沐浴油aromatherapy, massage香薰油;按摩油cod liver, fish, omega-3魚肝油;魚油;富含奧米伽 -3 的油A daily dose of omega-3 fish oil will help children to concentrate better.每日攝入富含奧米伽 -3 的魚油,有助於兒童更好地集中注意力。castor, evening primrose, flaxseed, lavender, tea tree, etc.蓖麻油、月見草油、亞麻籽油、薰衣草油、茶樹油等VERB + OILmassage, rub用油揉擦/塗抹She rubbed a scented oil into her hair.她在頭髮上抹了一種芳香油。massage sth with, rub sth with用精油按摩⋯/塗抹⋯anoint sb/sth with塗精油於⋯The sick were anointed with oil.給病人敷了油。extract榨油PREPOSITIONoil of⋯的油oil of rosemary迷迭香油
IELTS BNC: 906 COCA: 546
oil noun
oil (the oil industry) fat (olive/sunflower oil)


oil ♦︎ gas ♦︎ fuel ♦︎ coal ♦︎ petrol ♦︎ gasoline ♦︎ petroleum ♦︎ diesel ♦︎ fossil fuelThese are all words for substances that provide heat or light energy when they are burnt. 这些词均表示燃料。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配unleaded fuel / gas / petrol / gasolinesth runs on oil / gas / (a particular kind of) fuel / petrol / gasoline / dieselto fill the car up with gas / petrol / dieselto run out of oil / gas / fuel / petrol / dieselthe oil / gas / fuel / coal / petroleum industryoil / gas / fuel / coal / petrol / gasoline / petroleum / diesel pricesoil / gas / fuel / coal / petrol / gasoline / petroleum / diesel / fossil fuel consumptionoil / gas / fuel / coal / petroleum / fossil fuel reservesan oil / a gas / a fuel / a petrol / a gasoline / a diesel tank an oil / a gas / a fuel leakan oil / a gas / a petrol / a gasoline / a diesel enginean oil / a gas / a fuel / a petrol / a gasoline tankergas / petrol / gasoline / diesel fumes oil [uncountable] a thick liquid mineral that is found in rock under the ground or the sea and is used to produce several useful substances, especially ones that can be burnt to produce heat energy. 石油;原油Several companies are drilling for oil in the region.数家公司正在该地区钻探石油。oil wells油井At the time, oil was trading at around $18 per barrel.当时石油的交易价格是每桶约18美元。Crude oil (also crude) is oil in its natural state, before it has been treated with chemicals. However, it is usually called simply oil unless you want to emphasize that it has not yet been treated. * crude oil(亦作crude)指未经化学处理的原油;不过,crude oil通常仅称作oil,除非想强调尚未经处理这一状态。 gas [uncountable] a particular type of gas or mixture of gases used as fuel for heating and cooking 气体燃料;煤气;天然气Much of Britain's energy is supplied by natural gas from the North Sea.英国能源供应相当一部分来自北海的天然气。All the apartments are fitted with gas central heating.所有公寓都安装了燃气中央供暖系统。In American English gas is also the usual word for petrol / gasoline (see below). 在美式英语中,gas亦常指petrol/gasoline(见下面的分词条)He still had plenty of gas in the tank.他油箱里还有很多汽油。We need to find a gas station.我们需要找个加油站。 fuel [uncountable, countable] any material that produces heat or power, usually when it is burnt 燃料Most of the houses are heated with solid fuel (= wood or coal).大多数房屋采用固体燃料取暖。Domestic fuel bills are set to rise again this winter.今年冬季家庭燃料费有可能又要上涨了。 coal [uncountable] a hard black solid mineral that is found below the ground and burnt to produce heat Put some more coal on the fire.往火里再加些煤。a lump of coal一块煤a coal mine煤矿 petrol [uncountable] (BrE) a liquid used as fuel, for example in car engines.Petrol is obtained from crude oil (= oil from under the ground/sea). 汽油Does your car run on unleaded petrol?你的汽车用的是无铅汽油吗?In American English this is called gas or gasoline. 在美式英语中,汽油称作gas或gasoline。 gasoline ˈgæsəliːn [uncountable] (NAmE, rather formal) petrol 汽油They bought a ten-gallon can of gasoline.他们买了一罐十加仑装的汽油。In most spoken and written American English, gas is used instead of gasoline. 在美式英语口语和书面语中,大多用gas代替gasoline。 petroleum pəˈtrəʊliəm; NAmE pəˈtroʊliəm [uncountable] crude oil (= mineral oil that is found under the ground or the sea and is used to produce petrol, diesel, etc.) 石油;原油The government suspended its supplies of petroleum to the country as a result of the crisis.受危机的影响,政府暂停了对那个国家的石油供应。 diesel ˈdiːzl a type of heavy oil used as a fuel instead of petrol, for example in buses and some cars 柴油The diesel engine burns its fuel much more efficiently.柴油发动机能更有效地利用燃料。 ˈfossil fuel [countable, uncountable] a fuel such as coal, oil or natural gas, that was formed over millions of years from the remains of animals or plants 化石燃料;矿物燃料Carbon dioxide is produced in huge amounts when fossil fuels are burnt.化石燃料燃烧时会产生大量二氧化碳。

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