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(Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google 翻譯!)
BNC: 1222 COCA: 1318
verb /kəˈlekt/
present tense
present participlecollecting
past tensecollected
past participlecollected
  1. 1
    [T] to get things and keep them together for a particular reason 收集;采集

    A lot of families collect newspapers for recycling. 许多家庭把报纸收集起来回收利用。

     Synonyms and related words
    1. a.
      to get and keep objects because they are interesting or valuable (由于有趣或有价值而)收集,收藏

      He collects stamps. 他集邮。

      I didn't know she collected modern art. 我原先不知道她收藏现代艺术品。

       Synonyms and related words
    2. b.
      to get a supply of something that you will use later 收集(以备将来之用)

      It's a good idea to collect rainwater for use in the garden. 把雨水收集起来浇花是个好主意。

       Synonyms and related words
    3. c.
      to get information 收集,搜集(信息)

      The statistics are collected purely for administrative purposes. 这些数据纯粹是为行政用途而收集的。

      evidence collected by the police 警察搜集的证据

       Synonyms and related words
  2. 2
    [T] to go and get a person or thing UP接(人);取(物)

    What time do you collect the kids from school? 你什么时候去学校接孩子?

    When can I come and collect the keys? 我什么时候可以来取钥匙?

    The rubbish is collected every Tuesday. 垃圾每星期二收走。

     Synonyms and related words
  3. 3
    [T] to get money from someone for a particular purpose 收(款)

    Someone came to collect the rent. 有人来收房租。

     Synonyms and related words
    To earn or to get money: monetize, earn, recover...
    1. a.
      [I/T] to collect money from different people, for example in order to buy a present or to help people who are suffering 募集

      They give up their spare time to collect for various charities. 他们放弃业余时间为各种慈善事业募捐。

       Synonyms and related words
      To earn or to get money: monetize, earn, recover...
    2. b.
      [T] to receive money officially, for example from the government or an insurance company 领取

      He's old enough to collect his pension. 他已经到了领取退休金的年龄。

      The victim collected £10,000 in compensation. 受害者领到1万英镑的赔偿金。

       Synonyms and related words
      To earn or to get money: monetize, earn, recover...
  4. 4
    [T] to win or earn money or a prize 赢得

    She ran well, but failed to collect a medal. 她跑得很不错,但没能得到奖牌。

     Synonyms and related words
  5. 5
    [I] if a crowd of people collects, it forms (人群)聚集
     Synonyms and related words
    1. a.
      [I] if a substance collects somewhere, it gradually goes there 积聚

      With flat roofs, you often find that rain collects in the corners. 在平屋顶上经常会看到角落里积水。

       Synonyms and related words
    2. b.
      [T] if a surface collects a substance, the substance gradually covers the surface (平面上)积满
       Synonyms and related words
      To cover something: cover, wrap, coat...

phrasal verbs

adverb /kəˈlekt/


  • call someone collect

    to make a phone call that is paid for by the person who receives the call. The British expression is reverse the charges. 给某人打对方付费的电话
     Synonyms and related words
    Using a telephone: answer, busy, call...
BNC: 1222 COCA: 1318
BNC: 1222 COCA: 1318
collect verb
collect (collect data/signatures) get2 (collect a prize) get3 (collect the children from school) raise (collect money)


collect ♦︎ gather ♦︎ accumulate ♦︎ rack up sth ♦︎ run sth up ♦︎ amass ♦︎ accrueThese words all mean to get more of sth over a period of time, or to increase in quantity over a period of time. 这些词均表示收集、积累。PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配to collect / gather / accumulate / amass data / evidence / informationto accumulate / rack up / run up / amass / accrue debtsto accumulate / rack up / run up / accrue lossesto accumulate / rack up profitto accumulate / amass a fortuneto accumulate / accrue interestdebts accumulate / accruedirt / dust / debris collects / accumulatesto gradually / slowly / steadily collect / gather / accumulate (sth) collect [transitive, intransitive] to bring things or information together from different people or places; to gradually increase in amount in a place 收集;采集;积聚;积累We've been collecting data from various sources.我们一直从不同来源收集数据。Samples were collected from over 200 patients.样本是从200多个病人那里采集得来的。We seem to have collected an enormous number of boxes (= without intending to).我们似乎无意中积存了大量盒子。Dirt had collected in the corners of the room.房间的角落里积满了灰尘。People sometimes collect things of a particular type as a hobby. * collect可指作为爱好而收藏to collect stamps / postcards / fossils集邮;收集明信片;收藏化石 gather [transitive] to bring things together that have been spread around; to collect information from different sources 收拢,归拢(分散的东西);搜集,收集(情报)I waited while he gathered up his papers.他整理文件时我在一旁等待。She gathered her things together and got to her feet.她把她的东西归拢在一起,站了起来。Detectives have spent months gathering evidence.侦探花了数月时间搜集证据。NOTE 辨析 Collect or gather?Both collect and gather can be used in the same way to talk about bringing together data, information or evidence. When talking about things, gather is used with words like things, belongings or papers when the things are spread around within a short distance. Collect is used to talk about getting examples of sth from different people or places that are physically separated. * collect和gather均可指收集数据、信息或证据。表示收集物品时,gather可以和things、belongings或papers等搭配,表示归拢分散在不远处的东西。collect可指从较为分散的人或地方采集样本。 accumulate əˈkjuːmjəleɪt [transitive, intransitive] (rather formal) to gradually get more and more of sth over a period of time; to gradually increase in number or amount over a period of time 积累;积聚;(数量或数额)逐渐增加I seem to have accumulated a lot of books.我好像已经积了很多书。By investing wisely she accumulated a fortune.她投资精明,积累了一笔财富。Debts began to accumulate.债务开始增加。Dust and dirt soon accumulate if a house is not cleaned regularly.如果房间没有定期打扫,很快就会积尘。 accumulation


[uncountable, countable] the accumulation of wealth财富的积累an accumulation of toxic chemicals有毒化学物质的积聚
NOTE 辨析 Collect or accumulate?Dust and dirt or some other material can collect or accumulate in a place if it gradually increases in amount over a period of time. Collect is used especially when a small amount of dust or dirt gets stuck in places that are hard to clean. * collect或accumulate均可指尘垢或其他物质在一段时间内逐渐累积。collect尤指少量尘埃或污垢积于某处,难以清除Food debris collects in holes in the teeth.食物残渣在齿洞里积聚。 Accumulate is used especially about a larger amount of material that increases very gradually over a very long period of time. * accumulate尤指大量物质在很长的时期逐渐累积The sediment accumulates over millions of years.沉积物历经几百万年逐渐沉积。
ˌrack ˈup sth

phrasal verb

(rather informal, business 商业 or journalism 新闻) to collect sth, such as profits or losses in a business, or points in a competition 累积,聚集(利润、亏损等);累计取得(得分)The company racked up $200 million in losses in two years.该公司两年内损失累计达2亿元。In ten years of boxing he racked up a record 176 wins.在十年的拳击生涯中,他累计获胜176次,创下纪录。
ˌrun sth ˈup

phrasal verb

(running, ran, ran) (rather informal) to allow a bill, debt or loss to reach a large total 积欠(账款、债务或亏损);累积She had run up a huge phone bill during the course of the relationship.在那段交往中,她积下了数额庞大的电话费。Run up is nearly always used with bill, debt or loss. * run up几乎总是与bill、debt或loss连用。
amass əˈmæs [transitive] (especially written) to collect sth in large amounts, especially money, debts or information (大量)积累,积聚(尤指金钱、债务或信息)He amassed a fortune from silver mining.他靠开采银矿积累了一大笔财富。They amassed enough evidence to convict her.他们搜集了足够证据给她定罪。 accrue əˈkruː [transitive] (formal) to allow a sum of money or debts to grow over a period of time 积累(金钱或债务)The money was placed in a special account to accrue interest.那笔钱放在一个专门账户下生息。The firm had accrued debts of over $6m.该公司已积欠了600多万元的债务。

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