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(Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google 翻譯!)
IELTS BNC: 1454 COCA: 2213
noun /ɪɡˈzɪst(ə)ns/
  1. 1
    [U] the state of being a real or living thing, or of being present in a particular place, time, or situation 存在;实有

    The tests confirm the existence of a brain tumour. 这些检测证实了脑瘤的存在。

    in existence :

    the only copy of the book that is still in existence 该书现存的孤本

    come into existence/go out of existence :

    The company came into existence at the end of the 1980s. 这家公司在80年代末成立。

     Synonyms and related words
  2. 2
    [C] [usually singular] the way that someone lives their life, especially when their life is difficult 生存;(尤指在困境中的)生活;生活方式

    Jones led a miserable existence in an isolated village for several years. 琼斯在一个闭塞的乡村过了几年悲惨的生活。

    a hand-to-mouth existence (=having hardly enough food or money to live on) 勉强糊口的生活 :

    He lived a hand-to-mouth existence in a poor area of London. 他在伦敦的贫民区过着勉强糊口的生活。

    eke out an existence (=manage to live under difficult conditions) 勉强维持生计 :

    Families struggle to eke out an existence in this harsh environment. 在这种艰难的环境中每家每户都在为维持生计而挣扎。

     Synonyms and related words
    Ways of life: life, lifestyle, existence...
IELTS BNC: 1454 COCA: 2213


1state of existing存在ADJECTIVE | VERB + EXISTENCE | EXISTENCE + VERB | PREPOSITION | PHRASES ADJECTIVEactual, real實際存在;真實的存在El Cid's actual existence is not in doubt.民族英雄埃爾•熙德的確存在,這毫無疑問。Since her illness, other people had no real existence for her.自從她生病後,其他人在她眼中都不存在了。possible可能存在the possible existence of life beyond Earth地球之外可能有生命存在brief短暫存在continued, continuing, future持續的/繼續的/未來的存在10-year, 50-year, etc.存在 10 年、50 年等over the course of his company's 20-year existence在他公司 20 年的發展歷程中very基本生存The peasants depend on a good harvest for their very existence (= in order to continue to live).農民要依靠好收成才能勉強維持生活。mere存在本身The mere existence of these strange creatures fascinated him.這些奇特生物的存在本身就使他着迷。entire, whole全部/整個存續期間Throughout its entire existence, it has been a deeply contested concept.這一概念在其整個存在期間一直極受爭議。autonomous, independent, separate獨立存在;單獨存在any organism capable of independent existence能夠獨立存在的任何生物體human人類存在the mystery of human existence人類存在的奧秘material, physical物質存在;實體存在social社會存在earthly, mortal現世的/世俗的存在Christianity taught that our earthly existence was merely a preparation for life after death.基督教義說,我們現世的存在,只不過是為死後的來生做準備。VERB + EXISTENCEbe in存在The idea has been in existence for centuries.這種觀念已經存在了好幾個世紀。have存在a virtual world that has no real existence並不真正存在的虛擬世界come into, pop into (NAmE, informal) , spring into開始存在;產生
The organization came into existence ten years ago.這個組織成立於 10 年前。What are the chances of these molecules springing spontaneously into existence?這些分子自然形成的可能性有多大 ?fade from, fade out of, go out of消失;漸退;不再存在There was a fear that the club might go out of existence for lack of support.有人擔憂,這家俱樂部可能會因缺乏支持而倒閉。bring sth into, call sth into使⋯存在;使⋯出現They are striving to bring into existence a new kind of society.他們正努力創造一個新型社會。be aware of, know of意識到存在;知道存在be unaware of沒有意識到存在affirm, assert確認存在;斷言存在assume, posit, postulate, presuppose假想存在;假定存在The theory assumes the existence of a 'meritocracy'-that there is equal opportunity for all.這一理論假定“任人唯賢”的存在,即人人機會均等。accept, acknowledge, admit, admit to, believe in, recognize接受存在;承認存在;相信存在;意識到存在He didn't believe in the existence of God.他不相信上帝的存在。deny否認存在doubt懷疑存在question質疑存在She questioned the existence of God.她質疑上帝的存在。imply, indicate, suggest, support暗指/表明/暗示/支持存在There is research that strongly supports the existence of repressed memories.有研究充分表明,確實存在着受壓抑的記憶。discover, reveal發現存在;揭示存在confirm, demonstrate, establish, prove, validate, verify確認存在;證明存在;證實存在Scientists were able to verify the existence of this particle.科學家能夠證實這種粒子的存在。disprove反駁存在explain解釋存在How do you explain the existence of closely related species in widely separated locations?你如何解釋近親物種分佈在相距很遠的地方這一現象 ?justify證明存在的合理性forget, ignore忘記存在;漠視存在The girl's parents continued to ignore her very existence.女孩的父母繼續無視她的存在。endanger, jeopardize, threaten危及存在;威脅存在Climate changes threaten the continued existence of the species.氣候變化對這些物種的繼續生存構成了威脅。end終結存在He wanted to end his existence once and for all.他想以死一了百了。owe把存在歸因於The school owed its existence to the generosity of one man.學校得以存在歸功於一個人的慷慨。ensure, guarantee確保存在;保證存在maintain維持存在Let's battle on to maintain our existence.讓我們為生存而戰。be vital to對生存至關重要A super-efficient sense of smell is no longer vital to our existence.高度靈敏的嗅覺對我們的生存已不再必不可少。EXISTENCE + VERBdepend on sth, depend upon sth存在依賴於⋯The company's existence depends on continued growth.公司的生存依靠持續的發展。PREPOSITIONin existence存在the only instrument of its kind in existence這種工具現存的唯一一件PHRASESthe struggle for existence生存競爭Darwin viewed the struggle for existence as being the major promoter of evolution.達爾文認為生存競爭是進化的主要推動力。


2way of living生存方式ADJECTIVE | VERB + EXISTENCE | PHRASES ADJECTIVEbare, hand-to-mouth, meagre/meager, miserable, precarious勉強的/僅能餬口的/節儉的/悲慘的/朝不保夕的生活He lived a hand-to-mouth existence in the less attractive areas of London.他在倫敦的貧困區過着僅夠餬口的生活。comfortable, peaceful, quiet舒適的/平靜的/安寧的生活sheltered備受呵護的生活She had lived such a sheltered existence.她過着備受呵護的生活。middle-class中產階級的生活a comfortable middle-class existence中產階級的舒適生活meaningful有意義的生活his yearning for a more meaningful existence他對更加有意義的生活的向往boring, dull, humdrum, mundane無趣的/單調的/乏味的/平淡的生活pathetic, pitiful, wretched悲慘的/可憐的/不幸的生活meaningless沒有意義的生活empty, isolated, lonely, solitary空虛的/與世隔絕的/孤單的/獨居的生活nomadic遊牧生活rural, suburban, urban鄉村/郊區/城市生活daily, day-to-day, everyday日常生活;每日生活previous, prior前世He claimed to be able to remember a previous existence.他聲稱能記起上輩子的事。VERB + EXISTENCEenjoy, have, lead, live享受生活;過活eke out, endure勉強餬口;忍受生活They eke out a precarious existence foraging in the forest.他們靠在森林中搜尋食物維持着朝不保夕的生活。PHRASESa mode of existence生存方式the transition from one mode of existence to another從一種生存方式過渡到另一種生存方式
IELTS BNC: 1454 COCA: 2213
existence noun
life1 (come into existence) life3 (a miserable existence)

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