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(Mr. Ng 不推薦使用 Google 翻譯!)
BNC: 110 COCA: 124
adverb, preposition /ˈəʊvə(r)/
Over can be used in the following ways: over 有以下用法
as a preposition (followed by a noun or a pronoun): 用作介词(后接名词或代词): a bridge over the river 河上的桥 Two men were fighting over her. 两个男人正为了得到她而争斗。 (followed by a number or amount): 后接数字或数量: It happened over a hundred years ago. 这件事发生在100多年前。
as an adverb (without a following noun): 用作副词(后不接名词): He fell over and broke his arm. 他跌倒了,摔断了手臂。
after the verb ‘to be': 用于动词to be 后: The semester will be over soon. 这个学期很快就要结束了。
  1. 1
    above someone/something
    1. a.
      in a higher position above someone or something, without touching them 在…上方;在…上空;在…之上

      Perry glanced at the clock over the door. 佩里朝门上方的钟瞥了一眼。

      The Simpsons live in a flat over the shop. 辛普森一家住在商店楼上的一套公寓里。

      We could see the Angolan flag flying over the governor's palace. 我们能看见安哥拉国旗在总督府上空飘扬。

      She came and stood over him as he lay on the bed. 他躺在床上时她过来朝他俯下身来。

       Synonyms and related words
      At a high position or level: high, above, top...
    2. b.
      moving across the space above someone or something (越)过…上方

      Government troops fired a few shots over their heads. 政府军擦着他们的头顶朝天开了几枪。

      Flocks of geese flew over, calling loudly. 一群群大雁高声鸣叫着从空中飞过。

       Synonyms and related words
      Describing movement in a specific direction: ahead, anticlockwise, around...
  2. 2
    on someone or something and covering them 覆盖在…上面

    She put her hands over her ears. 她用双手捂住耳朵。

    Carlson replaced the blanket over the dead man. 卡尔森把毯子重新盖在了死者身上。

    The roads were already covered over with a few feet of snow. 这些路已被几英尺深的雪覆盖了。

    all over :

    She spilled coffee all over my new dress. 她把咖啡泼得我新裙子上到处都是。

     Synonyms and related words
    Function words referring to location: about, across, after...
  3. 3
    from one side of something to the other
    1. a.
      going or looking across from one side of something to the other 从…的一边至另一边

      Several bridges over the River Danube were destroyed. 多瑙河上的几座桥被摧毁了。

      I crossed over to the other side of the street. 我走到街对面。

      From your window there is a magnificent view over the gardens. 从你的窗口看得到整个公园的美丽景色。

    2. b.
      crossing something high such as a wall or mountain (越)过(墙、山等)

      Three prisoners had escaped by climbing over a six-metre high fence. 3名囚犯爬过6米高的围栏逃走了。

      a four-day journey over the Taurus mountains 翻越托罗斯山脉的4天旅行

  4. 4
    on the opposite side of an area, line, road, river etc 在…的对面;在…的另一边

    Sandra's brother lives just over the road from our house. 桑德拉的弟弟就住在我们家路对面。

    The airport was right over on the far side of Newcastle. 机场就在纽卡斯尔的另一头。

     Synonyms and related words
    Function words referring to location: about, across, after...
  5. 5
    into the opposite position
    1. a.
      from one lying position into another so that you face in a different direction 翻过身来

      He turned over and went to sleep. 他翻过身睡着了。

      Rolling over on my back, I looked up at the sky. 我翻过身来仰躺着,两眼望着天空。

       Synonyms and related words
    2. b.
      used for saying that something moves into a position in which the side that was facing down now faces up 翻转过来

      He turned the card over and saw that it was the ace of spades. 他把牌翻过来,发现是张黑桃A。

      The car skidded across the road and flipped over. 车子滑到路的另一边,翻倒了。

  6. 6
    in or to many parts of something
    1. a.
      in or to many different parts of an area 遍经;遍及;处处

      The drought has spread over much of the southern US. 干旱已蔓延到美国南方的大部分地区。

      Children were rushing around madly all over the place. 孩子们发疯似地到处乱跑。

      all over :

      The festival attracts music lovers from all over the world. 该音乐节吸引着世界各地的音乐爱好者。

    2. b.
      visiting or looking at many different parts of something (参观或所见)全面地,详尽地

      A senior manager showed us over the factory. 一位高级经理领我们参观了整个工厂。

      Engineers are busy checking over the equipment. 工程师们正忙着对这套设备进行全面检查。

  7. 7
    towards the side 到边上

    The main entrance is further over on the left. 大门在左手边过去一点。

    Pull over to the side of the road and let me drive. 把车停到路边,让我来开。

    She leaned over and whispered in my ear. 她侧过身来在我耳边低语。

    Would you move over and make room for me? 你能往旁边挪一下,让出点地方给我吗?

     Synonyms and related words
  8. 8
    in or to a particular place, for example a town or someone's home 在那里,去那里(如镇上或某人家里)

    Why don't you come over and have dinner with us sometime? 你为什么不找个时间过来和我们一起吃顿饭?

    I think the kids are over at Pam's place. 我想孩子们是在帕姆家里。

    Lawrence walked over to the window and looked out. 劳伦斯走到窗口往外望去。

    over here/there :

    Helen was born in Australia, but she's been living over here for 11 years. 海伦出生在澳大利亚,但她已在这儿住了11年。

     Synonyms and related words
    Function words referring to location: about, across, after...
  9. 9
    1. a.
      falling or bending down from an upright position (倒)下;(弯)下

      I bent over to tie my shoe. 我弯下身去系紧鞋带。

      I've brought you a glass of milk. Mind you don't knock it over. 我给你拿了杯牛奶。当心别打翻了。

      Carey fell over and broke his leg while playing ice hockey. 凯里打冰球时跌了一跤,摔断了腿。

    2. b.
      falling, hanging, or looking down from the edge of something 从…的边缘向下

      Lava flowed over the rim of the volcano. 熔岩沿着火山口流下来。

      Aileen was lying unconscious on the bed with her legs hanging over the side. 艾琳躺在床上人事不醒,双腿垂在床边。

      I peered over the edge of the crater into the darkness below. 我从火山口边缘向下面的一片黑暗中张望。

  10. 10
    used for saying what people disagree about or what they feel worried, sad, happy etc about 关于;在…方面

    There are worries over the future of the steel industry. 人们对钢铁工业的未来感到担忧。

    We spent a whole hour arguing over the meaning of two words. 我们为两个词的意思争论了整整一个小时。

  11. 11
    when something has ended
    1. a.
      used for saying that a particular event, situation, or period of time has ended 结束的;完了的

      Moore's fourth marriage was over after only 18 months. 穆尔的第4次婚姻只持续了18个月就结束了。

      be all over :

      When the war began in August 1914, they said it would be all over by Christmas. 1914年8月战争爆发时他们说战争在圣诞节前就会全部结束。

      over and done with (=completely dealt with) 已完全了结 :

      We're all so relieved that the trial is over and done with. 审判结束了,我们全都松了口气。

       Synonyms and related words
      Finished and completed: finished, completed, exhausted...
    2. b.
      if you are over an illness, a shock, or a bad experience, it has ended and you are no longer affected by it 从(疾病、震惊或糟糕经历的影响下)恢复过来

      Losing her brother was a terrible shock and she isn't over it yet. 失去弟弟对她来说是个可怕的打击,她至今还未恢复过来。

      Malaria is a serious illness and you're not going to be over it in a couple of days. 疟疾是种严重的疾病,不可能在两三天内康复。

      get over something :

      He'll soon get over his disappointment. 他很快就会摆脱失望情绪的。

       Synonyms and related words
      To get better after an illness: recovery, survive, recover...
  12. 12
    used for saying who or what is controlled or influenced by someone or something (用于表示控制、影响)对

    Kitchener demanded total control over the army. 基奇纳要求对部队有绝对的控制权。

    The Church today has little influence over the way people lead their lives. 教会如今对人们的生活方式几乎没有什么影响。

    the period in which the Kaiser ruled over Germany 皇帝统治德国的时期

  13. 13
    mainly American if you do something over, you do it again 再一次;重复地

    We're going to scrap the whole plan and start over. 我们打算放弃整个计划,从头开始。

     Synonyms and related words
    Again: again, repeated, renewed...
  14. 14
    changing from one thing to another (改)为;(换)过
    over to :

    We went over to Internet banking because it saved time and money. 我们改用网上银行服务,因为它省时又省钱。

    change/switch/swap/go over :

    In Sweden they switched over from driving on the left to driving on the right. 在瑞典他们从左侧行驶改为右侧行驶。

    You row and I'll sit in the back of the boat and steer – then later on we'll change over. 你划船,我坐在后面掌舵,一会儿我们再对换。

  15. 15
    1. a.
      during a period of time 在…期间

      Over the last few years we have seen a sudden increase in the number of cases of food poisoning. 在过去几年里食物中毒的病例突然增加了。

      Most hotels are fully booked over the holiday weekend. 大部分的旅馆在节假日周末都订满了。

       Synonyms and related words
      During a particular period of time: during, within, throughout...
    2. b.
      while having a meal or a drink 在吃(或喝)…的时候

      Over coffee our host told us a little about the history of the house. 喝咖啡时主人给我们讲了一些有关这所房子的历史。

      We chatted over lunch. 我们边吃午饭边聊天。

  16. 16
    used when referring to the part of an amount that remains after some of it has been used 剩下;余下
    left over :

    There was a lot of food left over after the party. 聚会后剩下了许多食物。

     Synonyms and related words
    Remaining or leftover: remaining, leftover, residual...
  17. 17
    more than a particular amount, number, or age (在数量、年纪方面)超过,在…以上

    Yeltsin was elected by a large majority with over 45 million votes. 叶利钦以超过4,500万张选票的大多数票当选。

    Over 50 per cent of the company's shares are owned by the government. 公司50%以上的股票为政府所持有。

    and over :

    The pension will be paid to people aged 65 and over. 养老金会发给65岁以上的老年人。

     Synonyms and related words
    Too much, extra and more: too, exceptional, surplus...
  18. 18
    spoken used at the end of your turn in a radio conversation to show that you have finished speaking and the other person can speak 报文完,请回复(用于无线电通话)
     Synonyms and related words
    Communicating by radio: CB, ham, over...
See also
  • above
noun [C] British /ˈəʊvə(r)/
  1. in cricket, a series of six actions of bowling (=throwing the ball) by the same bowler towards the same end of the ground (板球投手的)一轮投球
     Synonyms and related words
BNC: 110 COCA: 124
BNC: 110 COCA: 124

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