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BNC: 3842 COCA: 4002
lonely
adjective /ˈləʊnli/
adjectivelonely
comparativelonelier
superlativeloneliest
  1. 1
    unhappy because you are alone or because you have no friends 孤寂的;孤独的;寂寞的

    She must feel desperately lonely with all her family in Scotland. 她的家人全都在苏格兰,她一定感到十分孤独。

     Synonyms and related words
    Lonely and isolated: lonely, isolated, alone...
    1. a.
      done or happening while you are alone and feeling lonely 孤单的;孤独的;单独的

      a long lonely walk 独自一人长时间的漫步

      a lonely childhood 孤单的童年

       Synonyms and related words
      Lonely and isolated: lonely, isolated, alone...
  2. 2
    a lonesome place is far from where people live, and not many people go there 荒僻的;人烟稀少的

    The car broke down on a lonely stretch of country road. 汽车在一段人迹罕至的乡间小路上抛锚。

     Synonyms and related words
    Not near and difficult to reach: distant, far, apart...

derived word

loneliness

noun [U]
 Synonyms and related words
Loneliness: widow, solitude, isolation...
BNC: 3842 COCA: 4002
lonely

adjective

VERBS | ADVERB VERBSbe, feel, look, seem寂寞;感到寂寞;看上去寂寞;好像寂寞become, get變得寂寞ADVERBextremely, fairly, very, etc.極其/相當/非常寂寞It gets pretty lonely here in winter.這裏的冬天很孤寂。awfully, desperately, incredibly, terribly, unbearably特別孤獨;極其寂寞;非常寂寞;寂寞難耐She was desperately lonely at school.她在學校裏極其孤獨。a little, slightly, etc.有點兒/稍有些孤獨
BNC: 3842 COCA: 4002
lonely adj.
lonely (feel lonely) alone (lonely nights at home)
lonely

adjective

lonely ♦︎ alone ♦︎ isolated ♦︎ homesick ♦︎ forlorn ♦︎ bereft ♦︎ desolateThese words all describe a person who is unhappy because they have no friends or little contact with other people. 这些词均表示孤独的、寂寞的。SYNONYM SCALE 词义标尺 下图显示这些词所表达孤独的程度
lonelyalonedesolate
isolatedforlorn
homesickbereft
PATTERNS AND COLLOCATIONS 句型和搭配to feel lonely / alone / isolated / homesick / forlorn / bereft / desolateutterly alone / isolated / bereft / desolatedesperately / terribly lonely / homesick lonely unhappy because you have no friends or people to talk to 孤独的;寂寞的She lives alone and often feels lonely.她孑然一身,常常感到寂寞。The support they give to lonely old people is invaluable.他们给予孤寡老人的帮助是十分宝贵的。 see also loneliness privacy alone [not before noun] (rather informal) unhappy because you have no friends or people to talk to or help you 孤苦伶仃;无依无靠;孤独;寂寞I've been so alone since you went away.你走了以后我一直很寂寞。Carol felt all alone in the world.卡罗尔感到自己在世界上无依无靠。NOTE 辨析 Lonely or alone? Alone is slightly more informal than lonely and cannot be used before a noun; it can also suggest that sb feels not only lonely but also vulnerable (= likely to be hurt) in some way. * alone与lonely相比稍显不太正式,且不能用在名词前;此外alone还略含一种孤独并脆弱的感觉。 isolated ˈaɪsəleɪtɪd without much contact with other people and often unhappy because of this 孤独的;孤立的I felt very isolated in my new job.我在新的工作岗位上觉得很孤立。Elderly people easily become socially isolated.上了年纪的人很容易变得与社会隔绝。 see also isolation privacy homesick ˈhəʊmsɪk; NAmE ˈhoʊmsɪkunhappy because you are away from home and you miss your family and friends 思乡的;想家的I felt homesick for Scotland.我思念故乡苏格兰。Seeing other families together made him terribly homesick.看到别人阖家团圆使他非常想家。 homesickness

noun

[uncountable] She soon got over her homesickness.她的思乡情绪很快就缓解了。
forlorn fəˈlɔːn; NAmE fərˈlɔːrn (written) appearing lonely and unhappy 孤苦伶仃的;孤独凄凉的She looked so forlorn, standing there in the pouring rain.她站在瓢泼大雨中,显得孤苦伶仃。 bereft bɪˈreft [not before noun] (rather formal) very unhappy and lonely because you have lost sb/sth 感到失落;感到凄凉He was utterly bereft when his wife died.妻子去世后,他十分凄凉。 desolate ˈdesələt [not usually before noun] very lonely and unhappy 孤独凄凉;悲伤The thought that her husband did not want the baby made her feel utterly desolate.一想到丈夫不愿意要这个孩子,她就十分忧伤。 see also desolation despair noun

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